Climate action, responsible consumption and production

To decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, increase resource efficiency and promote sustainable lifestyles, Japan needs to invest in renewable energy or energy savings technologies and align its business models to circular-based-economy through government promotion as well. Regarding responsible consumption and production, despite efforts on food loss and waste reduction, additional actions are still needed to further reduce food waste: it is estimated that 5.22 million tons of food waste is still produced annually in Japan.


  • Japan should continue to invest and support development and integration of more renewable energy.
  • Japan should do its utmost to decrease volume of food waste.