New scheme related to new drug review and approval

Published:

Recommendations

  • Addition of "Priority review system" and legislation of "Conditional early approval system": According to the promulgation of the Amended Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Act on Dec. 4, 2019, “Senkuteki Iyakuhin (Pioneering drugs)” (legislation of "Sakigake designation system"), "Specific use drugs, etc." designation system, and "Conditional early approval system" were implemented  on Sep 1st, 2020. For their operations, preparation of related laws based on the actual state and improvement in the relevant organisational structure and efficient implementation are required.
  • On the other hand, there is a room for further improvement in the approval review scheme for innovative new drugs in Japan compared to the U.S. and Europe. For example, in order for innovative new drugs to be approved in Japan without delay from the U.S. and Europe, a scheme similar to the Real Time Oncology Review in FDA, which is already in place in the U.S. and starts the review of new drug approval based on key results from a confirmatory clinical trial, should be introduced in Japan. We propose that a scheme similar to the Real Time Oncology Review, be introduced in Japan to shorten the period between a formal application and an approval.
  • Legislation of (Post Approval Change Management Protocol) system: PACMP system has been established ahead of the application of TECHNICAL AND REGULATORY CONSIDERATIONS FOR PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (ICH-Q12). After the system will be started on 1st August 2021, we call for a review of relevant laws and regulations to make the system even easier to use based on the situation of the use of the system for a certain period of time.